**Geology**is the science and study of the physical matter that constitutes the Earth. The field of geology encompasses the study of the composition, structure, properties, and history of the planet's physical material, and the processes by which it is formed, moved, and changed.

**Geometry**(Ancient Greek: γεωμετρία; geo- "earth", -metria "measurement") "Earth-measuring" is a part of mathematics concerned with questions of size, shape, relative position of figures, and the properties of space. Geometry is one of the oldest sciences. Initially a body of practical knowledge concerning lengths, areas, and volumes, in the 3rd century BC geometry was put into an axiomatic form by Euclid, whose treatment—Euclidean geometry—set a standard for many centuries to follow. The field of astronomy, especially mapping the positions of the stars and planets on the celestial sphere, served as an important source of geometric problems during the next one and a half millennia. A mathematician who works in the field of geometry is called a geometer.